关节炎病人衣食住行要注意哪些

发布时间:2019-09-26 22:15

 关节炎多系慢性疾病,因此除打针吃药外,还必须做到“饮食有节,起居有常”。只有这样,才能提高疗效,巩固“战绩”。
    关节炎对每个人的影响并不相同。不同类型的关节炎,当然它们持续的时间也长短不一。就是有着相同症状的不同病人,也可以受到不同方式的影响。当病人对日常工作力不从心,或者生活质量受到不同程度的影响,自然会产生不满、发怒、
抑郁。情感交流会使一个人的心情好起来。我们常发现关节炎病人之间的交谈往往是最合适的,是最具有说服力的。通过对实际问题的交谈,常常可解除伴随这个问题而来的痛苦心情,增强战胜疾病的信心。当然,与医务人员、家庭成员及亲朋好友之间的交谈也极为重要,关节炎病人需要他们的爱护和支持。
    关节炎病人选择衣服的标准应该是舒适、轻巧和容易穿脱。 如小钮扣往往难以扣上,而拉链和尼龙带则比较容易使用。若是拉链,则可在末端加一个环,并带—个钩形柄,便于上下拉动。冬天的衣服当然要暖和,但不宜太重。鞋的大小要合适。鞋小可在足的边缘出现痛性结节,
医学上称为拇囊炎。应选择轻便.柔软的硬底软帮鞋,鞋带宜用松紧带代替。沉重的皮靴则不太好,深的素色鞋有助于掩盖畸形的足。
    在大多数情况下,关节炎病人除了少数人因某些食物引起  
过敏反应而不吃外,没有必须禁忌的特殊食物,病人吃什么或喝什么都不会影响关节炎。对关节炎病人来说,没有特殊的药物,但营养应全面、均衡,新鲜蔬菜和水果等不能缺少。体重过重会使关节负重更大,因此病人应加以注意:小心发胖!
    关节炎病人若工作和居住的地方潮湿,应积极创造条件,尽量加以改善。即使条件优越,处于现代化的环境中,也有加以注意的必要,如夏季使用电扇、空调等时,应该适度。
    在工作中,应把自己的病情告诉一起工作的其他人,以便使他们能有所了解,必要时另行安排适当的工作。在做家务时,应干片刻歇片刻,经常变换零活和姿势。熨衣服等许多零活可以坐着干,使用长把工具可以减少弯腰动作。设计厨房工作台平面时都应在同一高度,使盛有热食的平锅和盘子可以沿着平面滑动而无须端起来。东西的安放和布局也应有一定的科学性,如常用的东西放在容易拿到的地方,将电源插座安装在齐腰高度,将炉灶、电视机的旋钮加大,在自来水开关上装一个木杆或金属杆,便于开关,门把用杆形而不是圆形;可用金属管将门把加长,在台阶或楼梯的两侧安装扶手,使过道和室内保持良好的照明。用凳子坐着淋浴比盆浴更安全。在马桶上装上高起的塑料垫座,并在周围装上扶手,使其更适合于病人等等。
    用木块将床垫高,使得上床更容易。在床边放一把椅子用来帮助起床。餐桌和办公桌可用砖或木块调节到合适的高度。选用支撑下背部的,并不太软或太矮的椅子。合适的桌子和椅子虽然不能治愈关节炎,但能帮助减轻不适和疼痛。   
    一对支架和双拐是首先帮助某些人行走的最好方法,但并不能使双腿更强壮,应让病人在温水中锻炼大腿肌肉,并鼓励病人借助于拐棍行走。拐棍的高度相当于在站立肘双臂下垂,从腕骨到地面的距离,这样正好适合病人使用。拐棍的末端应装上橡皮,以防止滑倒。只用一根拐棍时,应当握在受累最重的脚或髋的对侧手里。上台阶时,每上一步都应当先迈受累最轻的腿。步行架比拐棍更稳妥,但占的地方较大。少数关节炎病人需要靠轮椅助,上一臂之力。简单的轮椅可以用水椅或金属椅加上大轮子做成。病人的手臂如果有足够的力量,可以自己推动轮椅;手僵硬的人需要将轮子的推圈包上垫子或戴手套。   
    衣食住行虽属琐碎,但人人都离不开。衣食住行既有一定的实用性,又有一定的科学性,关节炎病人必须遵循,以便帮助你提高生活质量,有利你早日康复。


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