颈椎病是怎么回事? 

发布时间:2019-09-26 21:10

问:颈椎病在临床上分为几个类型?
答:颈椎病是因混合型突出物及其引起的无菌性炎症,压迫刺激神经、血管或脊髓而引起的错综复杂的临床症状。根据压迫的部位和产生的相应症状,临床上一般将颈椎病分为神经根型、椎动脉型、交感神经型、脊髓型和混合型5种类型。

问:颈椎病有哪些症状?
答:颈椎病临床症状极其复杂,表现因受累部位、受压组织及程度的不同而差异悬殊。轻者只是头、颈、臂、手、上胸痛,及心前区疼痛或麻木。重者可出现头晕、头昏、耳鸣、耳聋、视物不清、声音嘶哑、咽部有异物感、吞咽困难、叹息样呼吸,甚至可出现猝倒、四肢瘫痪、截瘫、偏瘫、大小便失禁等

问:颈椎病是一种缓慢进展的退行性变疾病,那么,退行性变是怎么回事?
答:所谓退行性变,就是一种老化现象。人过30,特别是进入老年,其机体、内脏、形态、功能等,都会逐步出现衰老退化现象,运动系统也会随衰老而退变。颈椎退行性变可表现为颈椎边缘退变、骨质增生、脆度增加、关节囊弹性减退、颈椎间盘变性等,这些情况可对神经、血管或脊髓产生压迫、刺激,最终导致颈椎病。

问:急性颈椎损伤为什么会引起颈椎病?
答:对整个脊柱而言,颈椎的活动范围最大,同时还承受着头颅的重力和活动。若因头部碰撞、扭伤、挤压等引发颈椎外伤,即可导致不同类型的颈椎病。大约12%~20%的颈椎病患者有急性外伤史,尤其是颈椎骨折、脱位后出血、水肿波及椎间孔、骨折碎片移位直接压迫神经根或脊髓。而各种原因所致的颈椎间盘损伤,也是颈椎病发病的重要原因。

问:为什么炎症会造成颈椎病?
答:患急性扁桃体腺炎、颈淋巴结炎、乳突炎等,有的人可出现急性颈痛、活动不利,甚至会导致肌肉痉挛性斜颈。当炎症波及关节囊,产生渗液,则会导致充血、脱钙及附近的韧带松弛,最后使颈椎的稳定性受到损害而造成颈椎病。

问:受风着凉为什么会诱发颈椎病?
答:受风着凉,尤其是长时间的风寒湿邪侵袭,可降低项背部的痛阈,使项背部出现长期慢性疼痛,或造成项背部慢性肌纤维炎。长期的抗痛性肌紧张会增加颈椎关节内部的压力,促使关节老化。


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